Angelos PaaS4SaaS Blog

Saturday, 30 April 2016

Loading Data into Oracle Cloud ERP R10 using the new LoadAndImportData operation


As part of Oracle ERP cloud release 10 a new SOAP function has been made available to our customers which greatly simplifies the loading of ERP data using the batch oriented SOAP Services.
This article aims to give the reader, details of this new SOAP Service and how it helps in loading data files into Oracle ERP cloud.
Assuming the input file has been already produced, loading the data into Oracle ERP cloud service is traditionally a multi-step process.
The typical "happy" path is :
  1. 1. Load the file into Oracle Fusion ERP UCM service
  2. 2. Execute the first ESS Job which transfers the file from UCM to the Oracle ERP interface tables
  3. 3. Using a polling technique check to see when the ESS job has finished transferring the file into the interface tables
  4. 4. Execute a second ESS job, which transfers the file from Oracle ERP interface tables to the Oracle ERP data object tables
  5. 5. Use a polling technique to check to see when the file has been processed
    6. Finally execute a call to the downloadESSJobExecutionDetails() operation to download a log file so you can check for success,or any errors, which need dealing with.
Whilst this approach appears attractive, as it allows the developer a great deal of control of the process, in truth this internal processing should be something that the SaaS application [Oracle ERP Cloud] should manage and provide feedback to the developer when things finish

New SOAP method in R10

As of Oracle ERP cloud Release 10 there is a new API called "loadAndImportData", which is held within the ERPintegrationService, ( https://(FinancialDomain,Financial Common)/publicFinancialCommonErpIntegration/ErpIntegrationService?WSDL). This service has been specifically created to simplify the loading of data into Oracle ERP Cloud service by allowing you the ability to submit a file which is then automatically taken through the various stages of processing within Oracle ERP Cloud, without the user needing to execute each step of the process manually.
The operation takes the following parameters :
Element NameTypeDescription
documentDocument Information SDOList of elements, each containing the details of the file to be uploaded. The details include the file content, file name, content type, file title, author, security group, and account
jobListProcess Details SDOList of elements, each containing the details of the Enterprise Scheduling Service job to be submitted to import and process the uploaded file. The details include the job definition name, job package name, and list of parameters
interfaceDetailsstringThe interface whose data is to be loaded.
notificationCodestringA two-digit number that represents the manner and timing in which a notification is sent.
callbackURLstringThe callback URL of the service implemented by customers to receive the Enterprise Scheduling Service job status on completion of the job

Diving into the Details

A sample soap payload, which imports journal records, looks like the following :
<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="" xmlns:typ="" xmlns:erp="">
           <erp:ParameterList>1061,Balance Transfer,1,123,N,N,N</erp:ParameterList>
Now lets dive into each element and explain what it represents and more importantly where you derive the data from :
  • Document : This element contains the details of the document to be uploaded
    • content : This is the document itself, base64 encoded and in-lined in the soap payload. There  are many tools on the internet to base64encode a document and in Java there is a  helper Base64.Encoder which does this for you.
    • contentType : This value should be set to "zip", this means your files must be zipped before base64encoding them and in lining them above
    • documentTitle : A title for the document, this is so you can find it in UCM later if you need to.
    • documentSecurityGroup : Needs to be set to a security group that secures the document, for our example we've used FAFusionImportExport
    • documentAccount : This needs to be set to the correct account depending on the data which is being loaded. For our journal import we need to set the account to fin$/journal$import. This is the same Account used when you "manually" upload files into Oracle ERP for loading.. If you don't know the what UCM account your data should be loaded into you can find it by going into File Based Data Import for Financials Cloud documentation and searching for your data object. In our case the object is "Journal Import" and the documentation states that the UCM account is fin/journal/import. For our SOAP Service we need to prefix each "/" with a "$"
  • jobList : This element contains data describing the job which needs to be executed for this batch upload
    • jobName : This is the "package name" of the ESS job which loads the data into Oracle ERP Cloud. You can find this in FusionAppsOER or in the documentation. The format for the field is "packageName,jobName"
    • parameterList : This is the list of parameters which the job requires to execute. The parameters depend on the ESS Job being executed. In our case the ESS Job is for journals and in our case the parameters are Data Access Set ID, Source (Balance Transfer), LedgerID, GroupID (aka BatchID) etc
    • [caption id="attachment_37609" align="alignnone" width="300"]journalimport Example from FusionOER[/caption]
  • interfaceDetails :  This is set to 15 for journals  (no longer needed in R11)
  • notificationCode : This is set to 50 (no longer needed in R11)
  • callBackURL :  The magic about this service is that it executes all of the ESS jobs in the background and then executes a callback to your service when its finished. This response contains the "last" ESSjob ID executed so you can then query the status of the jobs using the downloadESSJobExecutionDetails method.

Handling the callback

  • As mentioned earlier, the loadAndImportData operation does all heavy lifting, and orchestration , within Oracle Fusion ERP SaaS, the only thing the developer needs to implement [optionally but very desirable], is a webservice endpoint which manages the callback generated by the ESS framework. This service needs to implement the ESS onJobCompletion operation, which will deliver three pieces of data, the requestId of the ESSJob which completed, the state of the process and a status message. For more information on handing the ESS callbacks please see this documentation link, and additionally if you are using BPEL to execute the SOAP Service then this documentation link may be of interest (Section 11.7.7 : Receive the Job Completion Status)


The new LoadAndImportData operation will most certainly make importing of data into Oracle ERP a much simpler process, its biggest advantage is that developers will easily be able to trigger the import with a single SOAP call which can easily be done without the need to worry about orchestration. There are however scenarios when you would you probably use the traditional , step by step method, for example when you want to control/trigger external notification providers that each step has been executed at the macro level or when the import file size is very large (>100Mb). In the latter case you might want to upload the file into Oracle UCM using UCMs native IdcWebService, which supports MTOM and then execute the ESS jobs in order as we have traditionally done.


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